Oct 23, 2017

Cordova WebSQL Path

The SQLite database file for Cordova WebSQL resides in:


Get Data Directory for Android Application

To get the "/data/data/<app.package.name>" path use:


Jun 5, 2017

Fixing Broken LXDE Panel on Raspberry Pi

I was trying new package for my Raspberry Pi, when I realized that the panel of the desktop is no longer working. Only a blank space, cannot right click on it.

Here's what I did to fix it:

cd ~/.config/lxpanel
cp /etc/xdg/lxpanel/launchtaskbar.cfg .
cp -r /etc/xdg/lxpanel/profile/LXDE-pi .
sudo reboot now

Apr 17, 2014

Another case of network-manager not starting on boot on Ubuntu

I think it is the second time I encounter this problem. I mess around with my operating systems a lot. After backup and restore using rsync -avz, network-manager won't start on boot. I've search anywhere and none have the solution for me. So after getting a hint from Ubuntu bug "Waiting for network configuration" on every boot, I found out there is a log for upstart. So ...

$ sudo grep network /var/log/upstart/*.log

and found an interesting entry:

/var/log/upstart/network-interface-lo.log:/etc/network/if-up.d/upstart: 9: /etc/network/if-up.d/upstart: init_is_upstart: not found

and google the error:

init_is_upstart warnings if upstart installed but not running

note this entry from the bug report:

Package: lsb-base
Version: 4.1+Debian7
Severity: normal
File: /lib/lsb/init-functions 

Now the fist time I try to look for it, init_is_upstart was not there:

$ grep -R init_is_upstart /lib/lsb/init-functions

I look for the package that gives that file:

$ apt-file find init-functions
lsb-base: /lib/lsb/init-functions
lsb-base: /lib/lsb/init-functions.d/20-left-info-blocks
lsb-base: /lib/lsb/init-functions.d/50-ubuntu-logging
ufw: /lib/ufw/ufw-init-functions

Reinstall the package:

$ sudo apt-get install --reinstall lsb-base
And got it back:

$ grep -R init_is_upstart /lib/lsb/init-functions

The only thing missing from backup restore using rsync -avz. Don't know why, I am just glad the restore works ...

Jun 29, 2013

Codeigniter on Alternate Port

Rather than using sub path, I deploy my web on alternate port. But this is also not normally supported in Codeigniter. So here's how I do it.

Add this in /.htaccess:
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} localhost
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} 80
RewriteRule ^%{SERVER_NAME} %{SERVER_NAME}:8000?/$1 [R,NC]

And this as site name:

Now it works just as on real domain and real port, http port 80 that is.

Jun 15, 2013

SSH Login Without Password

I forgot to put a section about login to an ssh account without password for my previous entry about VNC Gateway. The VNC scripts should have been working without password entry. Here is how to do it.

First, make a public key for local account, just follow the simple instructions:

$ ssh-keygen

Then add the public key to remote account list of authorized accounts:

$ cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh remote_user@remote_system 'cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys'

Now try to login using ssh, it should not ask for password anymore:

$ ssh remote_user@remote_system

May 20, 2013

Ubuntu VNC Gateway

I just have my VPS activated. I spent days wondering what to do with it. Then it hits me.
"Why not use the VPS as remote desktop gateway?"
I have spent more days working out how to do it. This is the note to work it out.

Some requirement:
  • A Virtual Private Server for the gateway
  • A Desktop/Laptop PC for the VNC server
  • Ubuntu Linux 12.04 for both server and PC (specifically in this publish)
  • OpenSSH installation on both gateway and server
  • X11VNC installation on VNC server PC
  • Another system as the VNC client which supports SSH tunnel

  • You want to access your PC from any network connected to the Internet but cannot have the router in the network forward connection to your PC
  • You have a VPS lying around in the net
  • Your VPS running under OpenVZ with tun/tap disabled by host and you don't want to or cannot have it enabled
  • You want the VNC service to automatically running every time the server boots
  • You want the VNC service to be available through gateway every time the VNC server connected

Most Linux system already have ssh installed. So let's just go ahead to setup x11vnc and ssh on the VNC server.

$ sudo apt-get install x11vnc

Next we setup so x11vnc runs at boot. By default, x11vnc is not available as service. So we are going to make an init configuration script for it. But before that, we are going to make a VNC password as an added security.

$ sudo x11vnc -storepasswd /etc/x11vnc.pass

Follow the instruction an enter the new password.

Next we write the configuration script. You can use any modest text editor

description "X11 VNC"

start on login-session-start

    x11vnc -xkb -noxrecord -noxfixes -noxdamage -display :0 -auth /var/run/lightdm/root/:0 -forever -o /var/log/x11vnc.log -rfbauth /etc/x11vnc.pass -rfbport 5900 -bg
end script

Note that /var/run/lightdm/root/:0 is the Xauth file path for lightdm. Xauth is a X session authentication file. Find out the path of Xauth for your desktop manager. The path must be available both before and after login. and accessible for user after login. A log file will be handy if something is not working. I use /var/log/x11vnc.log for the log path. Point x11vnc to the stored password previously created in /etc/x11vnc.pass.

At this point you can restart the server machine to test the script. You can do ps aux | grep x11vnc to see if it is running or not after boot. It should be accessible from local network.

Now we make the network scripts to make ssh remote listening run every time the server connected. The ssh set to timeout after 5 minutes so it must be looped.


sleep 3
while true
    ssh -fyTn -R '5900:localhost:5900' 'root@gateway.com 'sleep 300'
    sleep 300

The -R meaning is to direct every request to port 5900 to port 5900 on vnc server local interface on gateway.com. Run sleep for 300 seconds on gateway.com then close. The next sleep 300 is to wait until it is time to reconnect.

Make the file executable.

chmod 0500 /root/bin/listen_for_x11vnc_on_gateway.sh


case "$IFACE" in
  lo) exit 0;;

case "$MODE" in


    case "$ADDRFAM" in
      inet|inet6|NetworkManager) : ;;
      *) exit 0 ;;
    case "$PHASE" in
        exec /root/bin/listen_for_x11vnc_on_gateway.sh &

    killall listen_for_x11vnc_on_gateway.sh

exit 0

Make the file executable then make links to it on /etc/network.

sudo chmod 0500 /root/if-updown/x11vnc-gateway
ln -s /root/if-updown/x11vnc-gateway /etc/network/if-up.d/
ln -s /root/if-updown/x11vnc-gateway /etc/network/if-post-down.d/

It is going to ignore loopback, and other connection other then inet, inet6 (IPv6), and NetworkManager. Go ahead and connect to the Internet. You can check using ps aux | grep ssh to make sure that it is running.

To connect to the server through the gateway, set your VNC client to connect to port 5900 on gateway.com through ssh port 22 on gateway.com. We don't need to configure the routers on both networks.

The ssh scripts must run without entering passwords. See my blog here to read on how to do it.

I am sure that the scripts are really ugly. So if there is a Linux guru out there, please don't hesitate to make suggestions.

Cordova WebSQL Path

The SQLite database file for Cordova WebSQL resides in: /data/data/<app.package.name>/app_webview/databases/file__0/1